Obesity or overweight is a physiological condition where excess fat is stored in body tissues. Someone said to obesity when weight loss exceeded 10% of ideal body weight. Obesity is a problem since time immemorial. This situation is one of the longest metabolic abnormalities recorded in a history as seen on a clay sculpture that dates back to approximately 22,000 BC. The statue depicts an obese middle-aged woman. Obesity and still always recorded throughout history, from the time of ancient Egypt and Greece, and even even today remains a problem, especially in terms of its treatment.
Obesity raises a variety of effects, both in terms of psychosocial and medical problems. People who are obese have a lot of difficulty in performing daily physical activity and obese people who took out the daily cost for food and clothing which are larger and can also have issues in the relationship of husband and wife and small children are often found on self-identification issues. In medical point of view, diseases such as cholesterol level increases, and heart disease are some examples that could cause by obesity. Some resources giving numerous program and good results as well such as you could found in plexus slim directory. Okay, lets have a look at diet therapy for person with obesity.
In an effort to prevent and treat obesity growth, necessary knowledge about the causes of excess fat in the body. There are few businesses that can be done to reduce the occurrence of obesity, namely:
2. Reduce consumption of fat
3. Consume more protein
4. Consume lots of fiber foods.
In general, the treatment of obesity can be done through:
1. Special diet that is low-calorie diet, where there are foods rich in fiber and low in fat, where the fiber-rich foods will cause gastric high emptlyng (durable in the stomach), binds to fat or cholesterol, transit time (time to live in the intestines) low and resulted in the old sense of satiety.
2. Physical exercise, which is very effective for weight loss, when accompanied by restrictions on caloric intake.
3. Changing dietary behaviors which can be done by changing induce an appetite by stimulating the metabolic state of anorexia is accompanied by mobilization of lipids.
5. Farma kologik
Treatment of obesity aim to lose weight or maintain normal weight. Generally, target weight loss is recommended in the first phase is 10 percent of body weight within six months. Weight loss is recommended 0.5 -1 kg per week. Excessive weight loss is not recommended because it generally does not last long.
The recommended dietary therapy is low-calorie diet. The amount of energy given 500-1000 fewer calories than the average energy intake per day. Decrease energy intake by 500-1000 calories per day will lose weight from 0.5 to 1 kg per week.
Low-calorie diet should be a kind – the kind of glut of high degree of food that can help people remain obedient. The selection of foods should be tailored to the type of food the patient before, only a limited amount of calories. The easiest way is to reduce the frequency of eating out or reduce the main meal snacks, especially dense in calories. Choosing foods low in fat and replace with high-fiber foods like fruits and vegetables. However, intake of vitamins and minerals should be safeguarded in order to meet daily needs.
Physical exercise in patients with obesity should be done in conjunction with low-calorie diet to increase fat burning, physical exercise helps maintain weight loss that are not easily rise again. Is the recommended exercise with moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes with a frequency of 3-5 times per week. Should also increase physical activity such as walking, house cleaning, and reduce sedentary lifestyle such as watching television and playing video games.
A balanced low-calorie diet with foods high in fiber is the main alternative in tackling obesity. Raw foods, like vegetables and fruits contain high fiber, especially water-soluble fiber types, such as pectin, musilase, and gum. The water-soluble fiber is able to provide satiety longer. The water-soluble fiber is capable of forming gels, but low in calories. This causes the volume of food in the stomach to be large (bulky voluminous) so that people feel full sooner. Another function of the soluble fiber in the small intestine is able to bind ampedu acid. Reduced bile acid will slow the intestinal absorption of fat. The presence of fibers also play small intestine mucosal lining that will increase the viscosity of food volume and slowing the absorption of glucose. As a result the body can be protected from excess calories.