Today heart disease and blood vessel becomes the no.1 killer in the world and the number of sufferers continues to grow. In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that cardiovascular disease will be the biggest cause of deaths worldwide in 2020.
Heart disease is a disease that interferes with the vascular system, or more precisely attack the heart and veins, some examples such as the heart coronary heart disease, heart attack, high blood pressure, stroke, chest pain and diseases rheumatic heart.
Cardiovascular diseases (blood vessel), among others:
a. Atherosclerosis is a process in which a plaque (clot) which mainly consists of fat settles along the walls of the arteries. Most heart disease (such as coronary heart disease) caused by atherosclerosis, which include accumulation of plaque inside artery walls.
Some theories of the formation of atherosclerosis (heart disease):
i. Theory of a reaction to tissue damage that is the reaction of damage to endhotelium with the formation of deposits that are filled with substance – fatty substances and other substances.
ii. Monoclonal theory is the existence isoenzymes found in lesions and cell multiplication ploriferasi forming atheroma.
iii. Theory lysosomal lysosomal enzyme can abolish degradation of the cell – the cell to continue the formation of atheroma.
b. Myocardial infarction is another name of a heart attack, occurs when a portion of heart muscle not receiving enough oxygen, mainly due to coronary artery blockage. Because heart muscle cells, require oxygen for life, then the area of ??heart muscle that gets the blood supply that has the blockage will experience tissue death. Areas that experienced the death of heart muscle tissue is referred to as an area of ??infarction. Areas of infarction are not functioning normally, such as healthy heart muscle. This condition may be able to recover if blood flow to the infarct area to be repaired or blood vessel blockage of arteries that had corrected with surgery or drugs as early as possible. When too late, then the blocked coronary arteries can not be repaired anymore, so that tissue death is settled and will cause other complications such as congestive heart trouble. The heart is a powerful pump that is responsible drain blood to the vital tools throughout the body via a complex network of arteries and veins. It is therefore very important kept your heart and blood vessels remain in good condition.
c. Hopeless Heart Failure is a condition where the heart is not able to pump enough blood to tissues throughout the body needs. Networks that do not receive enough oxygen supply to meet their needs will be weakened, impaired function and even tissue death. Decreased ability to pump blood the heart can occur due to various causes, including myocardial infarction or atherosclerosis. In the event of failure of cardiac function, there will be barriers to the flow of blood in the blood pembuluh2. As a result, some blood will return to the heart, causing congestion and increased pressure within the circuit or circuits pulmonary and systemic. Symptoms and signs as follows:
– Shortness of breath especially during physical activity, but when severe, shortness may occur even at rest.
– Swelling of the liver, stomach and legs due to fluid deposits.
d. Coronary heart disease is narrowing / blockage (arteriosclerosis) coronary arteries caused by the buildup of fatty substances (cholesterol, triglycerides) are more and more and accumulate beneath the innermost layer (endothelium) of the artery wall.
e. Hypertension is high blood pressure effects on the cardiovascular system may increase the risk of damage to the heart, kidneys, eyes and even the brain. High blood pressure can lead to uncontrolled heart trouble, kidney failure, blindness and stroke.
Below are some diet that you could apply:
1. Drinking three glasses of orange juice every day. This can increase HDL by 21%, within four weeks. According to Elzbieta Kurowska, Ph.D. from the University of Westrn Ontario, flovonoid content, can be called hesperidin in orange juice which contribute to the increased levels of HDL (Budiyanto, 2002).
2. Avoid excessive stress. Stress can cause elevated levels of the hormone epinephrine resulting in increased blood pressure and heart rate making it easier to damage to blood vessel walls.
3. Avoid unhealthy lifestyle. Unhealthy lifestyles can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol and obesity, these factors are the cause of heart disease.
4. Consuming neutriceutical / herbs of choice. Such as Omega 3, which proved able to suppress LDL / bad cholesterol, as well as Spirulina which contains antioxidants and carotenoids in high amounts. Antioxidants prevent plaque in blood vessels caused by free radical oxidation.
And of course the last one is sport activities, jogging or running are proven to be the cheapest yet effective exercise on dealing your weight issues and heart disease.