People with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are susceptible to various kinds of infectious diseases including food pathogens. They have a higher risk than healthy people as individuals to cope with severe illness or death. Personal attention is required for food handling. The recommendations given here are designed to help prevent bacterial diseases of food.
At the time of people infected with HIV / AIDS, the immune system in the body will decrease. At that time, if there is malnutrition, then the immune system will go down and the greater the likelihood of disease.
Good nutrition means there is a good food intake, body weight maintained, and muscle tissue, as well mikronutriea status in the body remains in good condition. The result, can strengthen the immune system so it can fight HIV and other infections. Resistance to infection was increased, such as diarrhea, tuberculosis, and respiratory infections.
Insufficient dietary intake can cause mal-absorption, diarrhea, impaired metabolism and storage nutriea, resulting in deficiency nutriea. Next, this could encourage nutricy deficiency increases oxidative stress and lowered immune system. As a result, increased HIV replication and also increasing the chances of developing the disease, also morbidity.
In addition, people infected with HIV usually experience symptoms that affect the nutritional intake can result in malnutrition. Among others, anorexia or loss of appetite, diarrhea, fever, nausea and vomiting that often, fungal infections, and anemia. Therefore, people living with HIV has its own nutritional needs compared to healthy individuals.
Some foods that are caused by bacteria that can grow on food. Bacteria can infect humans when food is not feasible or not cook it cooked. Like many kinds of infections, persons with AIDS are at higher risk to get severe illness or death from this disease. Three types of bacteria that need to be specifically for people with AIDS: Salmonella, Campylobacter jejuni, and Listeria monocytogenes.
In the next article all of these three will be discussed more further.